(P29) Gender Issues in Contemporary Indonesia: Women’s Response, Resistance and Resilience to Convid-19 Pandemic
Thu 13:30-15:00 K10 | 3.05
- Diah Ariani Arimbi Universitas Airlangga
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Gender Issues and the Prevention of Covid-19 Pandemic among Pregnant Women and Mothers with Babies
Satiti Kuntari Indonesian White Ribbon Alliance
This study aims to understand (1) how the services of public health center for pregnant women and mothers with babies occur during Covid-19 pandemic, and (2) what are the roles of health workers / health cadres on the health of pregnant women and mothers with babies during Covid-19 pandemic. This study is a participatory action research (PAR) using a gender perspective where the research is carried out with women as the subjects and the active participants of the study. This research is conducted at 2 villages in the province of East Java and is determined purposely based on rural area and urban area, namely: 1) Malang Regency in urban area and 2) Sampang Regency in rural area. Methods of data collection for 1 (one) month using a structured interview technique (questionnaire) to 200 respondents and applying in-depth interview technique of women, husbands, and local leaders as many as 20 informants. The results of this study indicate that services for pregnant women and mothers with babies are declining, particularly services at the public health center. The health of pregnant women and mothers with babies is very dependent on health workers / health cadres and neighborhood networks. Health workers / caders mostly are women and working for free. They only sometimes get some amount of upah for transport during workshop. In the rural area, pregnant women and mothers with babies depend more on health workers / cadres than in urban area. Information about Covid19 is mostly obtained through family, health workers / cadres and social media. The role of social media as a source of information for Covid19 is more dominant in urban area than in rural area.
Keywords: gender, women’s health, covid-19 pandemic, health workers
Social Resilience and Gender Issues among Coastal Rural Women during the New Normal
Emy Susanti Centre for Gender and Social Inclusion Studies, Universitas Airlangga
The life of women in coastal villages is generally classified as poor and works in the seafood processing which often has a negative impact on health and social environment. In the new normal era after the COVID-19 pandemic, the living conditions for rural women in coastal areas became increasingly difficult. We need to get a deep understanding as well as to get a way out how women in coastal villages survive in the new normal. This research is a participatory action research (PAR) using a gender perspective where the research is carried out with active participation of the research subjects - women. This study aims to understand how gender relations take place and how the role of women in maintaining family life during the new normal. This research is conducted in coastal villages in the province of East Java and is determined purposely based on specific cultural characteristics, namely: 1) Tuban Regency with the Bonangan culture, 2) Surabaya City with the Arek culture, and 3) Situbondo Regency with the Pendalungan culture. Methods of data collection for 1 (one) month using a structured interview technique (questionnaire) to 182 respondents and applying in-depth interview technique of women, husbands, and local leaders as many as 20 informants. The results of this study indicate that the issue of gender inequality surrounding the lives of coastal rural women shows a strong patriarchal culture. In the three coastal villages of Tuban, Surabaya and Situbondo, with different cultures, it shows that men work as fishermen to look for fish and seafood while women work on marine product processing (while taking care of the household and social life of the neighbors / multi burden). During the Covid-19 pandemic and in the new normal, the role of women is very important in maintaining family health, actively seeking information and assistance in dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic and meet income shortages for family life needs. In the new normal, women played a role in strengthening the social networks of the family, neighbors and local leaders. In a strong patriarchal culture, women in coastal villages are the key to social resilience that provides a way to survive in the new normal era.
Keywords: gender, resilience, coastal village, covid-19 pandemic, the new normal
Urban Women and The New Normal
Sutinah Sutinah Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Airlangga
The Covid-19 outbreak not only had an impact on the health and economic sectors, but there have also been various changes in daily life habits. Cities in Indonesia are currently ready to face a new normal or a new phase of life after the corona virus pandemic. In this phase, the community is required to be able to adapt to new habits, namely implementing virus transmission prevention protocols in every activity that involves the public. Various efforts have been made by the government so that people do not violate health protocols, but there are still many community members who do not comply. Sanctions have been imposed such as sweeping the streets and paying fines, but these forms of sanctions do not have a deterrent effect.
This research is important to do considering the number of Covid-19 cases is still growing, while vaccines to prevent and drugs for Covid-19 have not been mass produced.
This research was conducted in Surabaya City, Malang City, because in East Java Province the two cities are the areas most exposed to COVID-19. Data was collected through in-depth interviews with a number of informants, while quantitative data was collected using a questionnaire (google form) distributed to 100 respondents in each city.
The results showed that in the new normal era, women’s adherence to implementing health protocols was relatively low, while the strict supervision of health protocols and the lack of information on healthy living campaigns to the community gave rise to resistance. The resistance carried out by women can be seen from the neglect of health protocols that are rampant, such as intentionally without a mask when leaving the house, visitors who crowd in tourist attractions, malls, markets, and other public facilities.
Keywords: covid-19, health protocol, new normal, obedience, resistance
When the first outbreak of Corona-19 in Wuhan, China, no one would ever imagine what it would do to our life. Now the outbreak has impacted the whole world. It creates a crisis in many aspects of life: economy, politics, social and cultural views, travel, and especially health, locally and globally. The coronavirus or Covid-19 virus has left a deep impact on the way we
perceive our world and our everyday lives. This virus has left us with an imprint that we will carry on forever from now on.
Indonesia, like the rest of the world, is also hit hardly by this pandemic. The introduction of the new normal is not an easy thing. Many adjustments have to be made including our relations with other people. Gender relation, especially in the domestic sphere is affected greatly. The Indonesian National Commission on Violence against Women (Komnas Perempuan) has reported that domestic violence against women has risen significantly since the beginning of the pandemic in March 2020. The very reason is simply economic although this is not exclusive. Domestic violence impacts not only on physical scars but also psychological, social and cultural problems for everyone: the husband (mostly the perpetrator), the wife, and the children (mostly the victims), the community and the society in general. Accordingly, this panel will discuss gender issues in
Indonesia in the time of the pandemic. It discusses how Indonesian women (rural and urban) respond to the pandemic that affects their life. Most women are victims of domestic violence but many of them are not simply victimized, some of them resist and create their own space away from violence. Resilience is also found common for women in the pandemic time. In short, this panel will discuss how Indonesian women deal with issues affecting them before and during the pandemic.